Master in Buddhism and Sustainable Development (MBSD)

 Master in Buddhism and Sustainable Development (MBSD)


Course Code Title of Course Credits Core themes
Year I; Semester  I
MBSD511 Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy    3 ·        Introduction to View, Meditation and Conduct

·        Fundamental categories, doctrines and problems of Buddhist philosophy as presented in the Buddhist canon(s) and Commentarial traditions.

·        Historical development and the relationship of doctrine, practice and ethics.

·        Academic skills to read and critically assess.

·        Primary and secondary sources.

MBSD 512 Foundation of Development 3 ·        Basic idea of development, progress, growth, de-growth, zero growth, underdevelopment, mal-development, eco-development, well-being (material and non-material)

·        Conceptualizing devt as a holistic approach involving multiple dimensions and facets; including human potentials and ecological justice

·        Offering theoretical debates from macro to micro perspectives; Global north vs south, and mainstream vs alternative


MBSD 513 Sustainability study 3 ·         Fundamentals of sustainable development (SD); and its academic orientation

·         Crisis in devt, and origin of SD approach (concept and context)

·         Frontiers of SD: what beyond three pillars (society, ecology and economy)?

·         Local narration on sustainability: indigenous knowledge system, appropriate technology and concept of sarbodaya and swarajya

·         Sustainability from the Buddhist perspective of view, meditation and conduct.

·         SDGs- Agenda for 2030, our responsibility and its critique

MBSD 514 Ecology, environment and sustainable development 3 ·        Conceptualization on the ideas and debates around Climate Change, Biodiversity loss, Population growth,-Environmental degradation

·        Ecological sustainability as an unavoidable part of SD

·        Environmental management, Environmental justice, Green economy

·        Ecosystem services or nature’s contribution to people; ; types of ecosystem services, and its importance for sustainable development

·         Buddhist perspective of ecology, and environmental management

MBSD 515A Governance and development 3 ·        Basic idea of governance; shared leadership and its importance in development; idea of not being governed

·        Buddhist idea of governance and its needs in sustainable devt

·        Governance in principles and practices (global and Nepal)

·        Key issues and service delivery in federal context

MBSD 515B Project design and management 3 ·        Concept of project; its designing and managing the cycle in sustainable devt context

·        Theory of change; and cost-benefit analysis

·        Project approach; strategies; outcomes; contingency plan and action plans; GESI framework




Year I; Semester  II
MBSD 521 Abhidharma and  Psychology 3 ·         Introduction to idea of Dhamma and Abhidharma

·         Fundamentals of Buddhist metaphysics, cosmology and psychology.

·         Similarities and differences between Buddhist Non-Buddhist and secular psychological frameworks.

MBSD 522 Sustainable pathways of development 3 ·        Alternative and post-colonial idea of devt; local roots and global connections

·        Strategies of bio-engineering, environmental  management; land use planning; forest and wildlife conservation; cultural regeneration and Eco-spirituality

·        Strategies for improvements in production and consumption; equity and justice for the better world

·        Buddhist perspective on the strategies for maintaining sustainability

MBSD 523 Buddhist Meditation 3 ·         Fundamentals of Śamatha and Vipaśyanā and their relationship as presented in canonical and commentarial texts.

·         The evolution of Meditative traditions within Buddhism.

·        Theravada Meditative traditions vis-à-vis Mahayana Meditative traditions

MBSD 524 Narratives of development in Nepal 3 ·        Need to analyze Nepal’s development from historical perspective;

·        Devt practices and policies in different political regimes and regional territories

·        Contemporary trends and key challenges/ opportunities

MBSD 525 Sustaining peace and social transformation 3 ·        Basic concept on peace and conflict; non-violence and non-discrimination

·        Causes and effects of conflict, unhappiness, and greed

·        Buddhist idea of conflict management through the exploration of truth

MBSD 526 Sustainable livelihood and entrepreneurship development 3 ·         Idea of wholelsome and sustainable livelihood (samyak-ājibikā); strategies for entrepreneurship devt; selected case studies and practices



Year II; Semester III
MBSD 531 Non-violent communication and spiritual counselling 3 ·        Basic concepts of non-violent communication and spiritual counselling through integration of Buddhist ethical principles and modern theories on Nonviolent communication.

·        Counselling skills for brief interventions.

·        Develop empathy and listening skills as a preliminary of Selfless leadership

·        Identification of critical issues in personal, social, communal communication and the means of resolution

MBSD 532 Community Development: Principles and Practices     3 ·        Meaning and principles of community development; participatory development; community well-being and self-less leadership

·        Selected case studies from Nepali society plus international context (e.g. sanghs, engaged Buddhism, bahi, bihar, chuchi, Tibetan community; and more)

MBSD 533 Research Methodology 3 ·        Basic idea and process of scientific research;

·        Critiques to conventional research approach/ process; and constructivism

·        Basics of Buddhist methods of training, hermeneutics and epistemology.

MBSD 534  Disaster risk reduction: Strategies and practices 3 ·        Introduction and types of Disasters;

·        Concept and approaches of Disaster Risk management and Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Risk Resilience, climate change adaptation and resilience

·         Global and Nepalese Practices of Disaster Risk Management, strategies;

·        Buddhist perspective on disasters risk reduction and its approach

MBSD 535 Tools on Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) 3 Concept of PME, and its nexus of development; project evaluation and impact studies
MBSD 536 Child care and social gerontology 3 Humanistic approach of development—children and elderly persons are also unavoidable part of human happiness and family welfare
Year II; Semester IV
MBSD 541 Buddhism, society and selfless-leadership 3 ·         Fundamentals of Buddhist ethics (BE).

·         Role of BE and it’s aspects on personal, inter-personal and Social wellbeing and sustainable development.

·         Role of BE in a wholesome Leadership

MBSD 542 Policy and planning in development 3 ·         Policy study; public policy; policy cycle, policy paradox; types of devt planning

·         Techniques, and process of local development policy/ planning formulation (with case studies)

·         Key issues of policy formulation vs implementation

MBSD 543 Population, migration and remittance  3 ·         Social mobility, migration and role of remittances in development; remittance economy and its sustainable use in devt
MBSD 544 Thesis 3 ·         Mandatory research project; Innovative idea of development; usage of Buddhist methods of triple training, hermeneutics and epistemology as means to conduct an authentic/valid research.
MBSD 545 Hospitality and Tourism development 3 ·         Idea of tourism and its role in Nepal’s development; practices in developing entrepreneurial skill in hospitality and tourism sector
MBSD 546 Social and environmental safeguards 3 ·         Social, human and cultural aspects of sustainability; tools and techniques of SIA

·         Environmental safeguards: IEE and EIA


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